Ever since Pakistan came into existence, its Foreign Policy has been subject to a lot of unbearable challenges and difficulties that are yet to be overcome.
Though the issue is no longer new the problems are. We are living in the 21st century and there are grimmer and serious challenges and issues to be faced by Pakistan’s Foreign Policy. There are international threats for peace destroying and many other related factors about which our Foreign Policy is striving hard to tackle with.
The most common challenges that are faced by Pakistan’s Foreign Policy are of Globalization, Extremism, Terrorism, events of 9/11, and economic decline. Apart from these challenges, there are also many other issues that have completely affected the foreign policy of Pakistan.
Challenges of Foreign Policy of Pakistan
First of all, we need to discuss some of the core principles of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy that are as below,
- To protect the sovereignty
- To resolve the Kashmir issue
- To establish peace in Afghanistan
- To establish cordial relations with its neighbors
- Safeguarding National Security and territorial integrity
- Robust economic relations with the economic giants
- social and economic development
- securing peace in the region
Challenges of Foreign Policy of Pakistan
The international community has always seen Pakistan as the biggest terrorism hub producing terrorists that destroy world peace. This article will unleash some of the very grim and serious challenges Challenges of Foreign Policy of Pakistan
- Geo-strategic, geo-political and geo-economic environment
- Indo-Pak Relations
- Iran and Saudi Relations
- Relation with Afghanistan and the US
Geo-strategic, geo-political and geo-economic environment
One of the biggest challenges faced by Pakistan’s Foreign Policy is of changing geo-strategic, geo-political, and geo-economic environments of the South Asian region. Pakistan has always been at the frontline when it comes to serving its neighbors.
As we already know that the division of sub-continent has always been unacceptable by the Indian authorities. They have not missed a single chance to stumble the foreign policy of Pakistan.
The Kashmir Factor
The Kashmir issue has always been the bone of contention between the two countries. This is the reason that even now these two countries are fighting for Kashmir.
Iran, the US, and Saudi Relations
Under the wake of the recent tensions between the US and Iran, Pakistan has to side with anyone of these countries. The dilemma of siding with a country was quite difficult for Pakistan and it has to choose the US over Iran.
The reason for the difficulty lies in the fact that Pakistan has set many political ties with Iran and not siding with them can cause severe damage to the political state of Pakistan. Moreover, Pakistan has been benefited from the Iranian trades and gas pipelines. These gas pipeline can help in removing the energy crisis from Pakistan.
The US-Iran war is badly effecting the Foreign Policy of Pakistan. owing to siding with the US, the entire trading business with Iran has been shut down.
Relation with Afghanistan and the US
There are a number of difficulties that have been coming Pakistan’s way when it decided to support the US. In the early 70s, the US-supported war against Afghanistan ended up introducing the gun and heroin culture in the country. Even Pakistan lost connections with both the US and the Taliban and was accused by both sides.
The US has accused Pakistan of not putting enough effort while the Taliban community has accused it of indiscriminate killings.
Moreover, Anatol Lieven in his book “Pakistan a hard country” has clearly addressed the issue of Pakistan’s weak geographical position. Since ages, Pakistan has been badly affected by the external sources only because of its geographical position. It’s not just Pakistan that is receiving international aid but many other countries as well. But the only problem lies in its geographical location.
Recently, India has just deprived the Kashmiris of their special status and due rights. The irony lies in the fact that almost all the Arab countries are siding with India and not with Pakistan. on the other hand, the US is only promising talks for the peace of the region and is not making any effort to promote. These are some other challenges faced by Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
It’s time for Pakistan to decide to whom it should be siding with and to whom it shouldn’t.