Differentiate between Hardware and Software

Differentiate between Hardware and Software

Technology

The computer is an electronic device that is used to perform multiple options within the blink of an eye. It has multiple components. These components are divided into two main sections i.e. Hardware and Software. These two sections serve key importance on a computer. Before giving a strong comparison between these two, let’s first discuss Differentiate between Hardware and Software .

Differentiate between Hardware and Software 

Hardware

“Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer.” Any part of the computer that we can easily touch is called the hardware of the Computer.

Examples: Processor, Printer, keyboard, Mouse, Memory devices, Motherboard, and Central Processing Unit.

Components: Hardware and software are divided into their own respective components.

Hardware is divided into 4 main components that are

  • Input devices
  • Output Devices
  • Storage Devices
  • Internal Components

Input devices

Input devices are those components that are primarily used to send data to a computer. For example, a keyboard is one of those input devices that allow a user to input their data into the main screen or computer. Another example of an input device is a mouse that has two left and right buttons to perform several actions.

Output Devices

Out devices are those devices that receive data from a computer. These are peripheral devices. A very common example of an output device is a Monitor that is a Visual Display Unit (VDU). It displays the data on the computer screen.

Storage Devices

Storage or secondary devices are those devices that are used to store data on a computer. With a nonvolatile memory, these storage devices store data permanently.

Examples: Hard disk, Floppy Disk, DVD, and CD are some of the examples of storage or secondary devices.

Internal Components

Internal components are very important for a computer to function efficiently. These internal components are directly connected to the main computer.

Examples: CPU, RAM, ROM, and Motherboard are some of the examples of internal components.

Software

“A computer Software is a set of instructions given to a computer to perform actions.” It is also referred to as a programming code that is being executed on the computer processor.

Examples: Ms Word, Excel, Powerpoint, and Photoshop.

Software is divided into two components that are,

  • System Software
  • Application Software

System Software

System Software is the main component of a computer that is used to control, execute, and operate the processing capability of a computer. Without system software, a computer cannot be run as hardware and application software are dependent on system software.

Examples: Operating System, Compilers, assemblers, and Interpreters.

Application Software

Application software is mainly designed to fulfill user requirements. It is a group of programs that are mainly designed for an end-user.

Examples: Word Documents, Spreadsheet, and Database Management System (DBMS).

Differentiate between Hardware and Software 

Let’s discuss some of the common differences between Computer Hardware and Software! In order to get a clear understanding, we are drawing a table between hardware and software.

HardwareSoftware
Physical components of a ComputerSet of instructions given to a Computer
TangibleIntangible
Can be easily replaced when DamagedCannot be replaced but reinstalled after damage
It is manufacturedIt is developed
Cannot run without softwareCannot be executed without the help of hardware
Physical devices that we can easily touchInstalled applications that we cannot touch
It is not affected by computer virusesIt is affected by computer viruses
It cannot be transferred electricallyIt can be transferred electronically
Divided into input devices, output devices, storage, and internal componentsDivided into System Software and Application Software

So, these were some of the very commonly believed differences between hardware and software.

Summary
Differentiate between Hardware and Software
Article Name
Differentiate between Hardware and Software
Description
The computer is an electronic device that is used to perform multiple options within the blink of an eye. It has multiple components.
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Publisher Name
logicalbaat.com
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