Insect bites usually produce nothing more than a local inflammatory reaction in the area of the bite, but in certain people, sensitive to them, the reactions can be much more severe. Nowadays, the dengue fever in Pakistan is killing many persons. The reasons are numerous but the risks to human lives are increasing day by day.
If the bite only causes a local inflammatory reaction, all we have to do is apply cold compresses, apply some ointment to calm the itching and pain and as a last resort we will take some antihistamine or some oral anti-inflammatory to relieve discomfort. The lesion tends to disappear after 48 hours.
A bite from Insects Can Be Dangerous:
If the bite causes a somewhat more serious reaction, fever may occur, involvement of the two adjacent joints, swelling of the limb etc. Then, apart from the symptomatic treatment described above, allergy tests should be performed to know exactly which insect is allergic and the intensity of sensitization. In these cases, treatment with immunotherapy may be necessary.
On some occasions and in certain patients an anaphylactic reaction can occur, in which several organs and systems are affected and the patient’s life is endangered. It is associated with a picture of anxiety, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, cough, vomiting, diarrhea, cramping, swelling of the tongue and throat, difficulty swallowing saliva, arrhythmias, pulmonary edema, circulatory collapse and sometimes the death.
In these cases, an immunotherapy treatment should be carried out as a prevention and carry a kit with self-injectable adrenaline and an antihistamine. There is a very effective vaccine in case of allergy to bee or wasp sting.
How to avoid insect bites?
If an insect lands on your body, do not attempt to kill or frighten it, remain still or make slow movements until it moves away.
- Do not approach honeycomb or wasp nests
- Uses of cloths: If you leave clothes on the floor or hang it on the outside, you have to shake it before using it.
- Avoid walking in areas with abundant flowers.
- Dressings for playgrounds: If you go out to the field, wear clothes that are not very bright and do not use perfumes or lacquers.
- Be careful not to take the car with the windows open.
- At night use insecticides in the room.
- Care in Rural Areas: If it is a rural area, put protective cloth on the windows.
- Sweet Drinks: If you drink sweet drinks during the hot season, check that there are no insects on the edge of the glass.
- Long clothing, which covers a larger body surface and the use of insect repellent, prevents bites.