The causes of cancer are numerous and not fully known. There are endogenous causes, related to the genetic inheritance of individuals and exogenous causes, among which are environmental pollution, tobacco, diet, viral infections, precancerous lesions, etc.
Diet Has Association with Cancer & Lifestyle:
Food and nutritional factors have been widely associated with different neoplasms, estimating that about 35% of cancers would be related to these factors. Different epidemiological evidences suggest that about 90% of all neoplasms would be linked, in part, to environmental factors. Leaving tobacco consumption aside, the diet would play an important role in this association between lifestyles and cancer.
At present, thanks to the results of numerous studies, a set of food recommendations can be established:
- Choose vegetable-based diets, that are rich in various vegetables, fruits and legumes.
- Keep an eye on body weight
- Spend an hour or at least 35 minutes a day on exercising.
- Eat at least 400-800 g of mixed fresh vegetables and fruits daily.
- Eat at least 600-800 g of cereals, legumes as well as tubers daily. Choose minimally processed foods. You should limit sugar consumption.
- Limit alcoholic beverages
- Limit the consumption of red meat, maximum 80 g per day
Symptoms in the cancer patient
Anorexia or loss of appetite: this symptom can appear due to metabolic alterations, hormones related to the growth of the tumor, nausea, vomiting, digestive disorders, inflammation of the digestive tract and as a consequence malabsorption of nutrients. To this, a certain depression, change in the sense of taste, rejection of certain foods, etc. is usually added. Situations all derived from chemotherapeutic treatments and radiotherapy.
Asthenia or generalized tiredness: it usually precedes weight loss and obeys, in most cases, the invasion of the tumor in some organs and tissues such as lymphatic or blood so that it prevents good oxygenation of the tissues and reduces the ability to pulmonary aeration
Patient Recommended diet
Determining how much the patient eats, as well as what he likes, can help when it comes to establishing changes in the patient’s diet. Knowing what foods, you like or dislike as well as if you are allergic to any food is important.
The goal of the diet is to ensure the correct nutritional status of the patient, which allows to improve the general condition and have a better quality of life. It is about getting him not to start with protein-energy malnutrition, which makes it difficult for him to recover from the disease.
General Food Tips:
- Vary the menus as much as possible.
- Better take in small quantities many times.
- Simple kitchen. Grilled and boiled foods are the most advisable